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Faculty members involved in spatial and economic analysis study how the spatial structure of settlements influences the type of and variation in socioeconomic activities. These studies ask whether space and place affect urban social, economic, and ecological processes using basic geographic characteristics like distance, configuration, adjacency, and physical character. Planning interventions inherently involve spatially defined communities and neighborhoods and recognize that they have spillover effects on neighbors and beyond. For example, a foreclosed home affects all home prices in that neighborhood, and over time can trigger more foreclosures in that and adjacent neighborhoods. In contrast, a new and efficient transit system can raise property values around the system's access points in proportion to its accessibility. Spatial and economic analysis of such forms of interaction and spillover effects form the core of this focus area.
Spatial and economic analysis also encompasses the study of urban futures. Synoptic models are used to simulate possible urban futures using computer-based analytical tools. Although the future scenarios are heuristic guides, they provide valuable information about broad trends and their impacts. Indeed, several faculty members in this theme are involved in developing new computer-based tools to examine and measure spatial interaction at the GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation.
Examples of research under the spatial and economic theme include studies of transportation and land use connections, effects of transportation investments on property values, simulations of future residential and employment patterns, carbon footprints of neighborhoods in different locations, impact of noxious facilities on property values, agglomeration effects and spatial spillovers, and measurement of sprawl, compactness, and walkability.
Deitrick is the program director for the Masters of Advanced Study in GIS (MASGIS) Program. Her research focuses on GIS, decision-making and uncertainty and the use of GIS in public policy decisions.
Fotheringham is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and Academia Europaea whose work focuses on the analysis of spatial data in relation to a variety of areas including health data, crime patterns and migration.
Kedron both develops spatial statistical methods and customizes and applies mixed methodologies to study the evolution of the economic landscape and the socio-ecological interactions that shape urban environments.
Kuby specializes in transportation, energy, optimal facility location and network design models, and alternative fuels, stations, and vehicles. His research has been funded by NSF, U.S. Dept. of Energy, and NASA.
Nelson's work currently focuses on using spatial and spatial-temporal analyses to track wildlife movement and active transportation. She is also the founder of BikeMaps.org, a crowdsourcing app for bike safety and ridership.
Pahle's research interests include database systems, modeling and simulation, urban planning, solar energy, informatics, data mining and analysis, building technology, and architecture.
Salon researches travel behavior and the built environment, climate policy for transport, and government and transit agency institutions with the goal to inform policies that reduce global automobile dependence.
Tong's research primarily focuses on the use of spatial analytics including spatial optimization, geographic information system, and spatial statistics to support urban and regional studies concerning location.
Her research interests include: shape and pattern analysis, geographic information science, applications of GIS to urban environment, urban remote sensing and water resource management.